Hepatitis, or liver infection, is the biggest killer after tuberculosis and nine times more prevalent than HIV. Hepatitis A and B are preventable with immunisation.
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) vaccine is given in the National Vaccination Program for all people over the age of tree who are long-term residents or resident in risk areas of the tick-borne encephalitis.
National Institute of Health and Welfare defines risk areas each year. Outside the risk areas you can take the vaccine at your own expense or it may be included in your occupational health care. The vaccine is recommended for people who spend plenty of time in nature in the risk areas. Tick-borne encephalitis fever occurs locally in continental Finland.
According to the National Infectious Diseases Register maintained by the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), 16 cases of measles were diagnosed in Finland in 2018.
Ticks appear in the spring when the temperature permanently rises above zero. In Finland, ticks are found across the country, excluding the northernmost part of Lapland.