Ticks appear in the spring when the temperature permanently rises above zero. In Finland, ticks are found across the country, excluding the northernmost part of Lapland.
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) vaccine is given in the National Vaccination Program for all people over the age of tree who are long-term residents or resident in risk areas of the tick-borne encephalitis.
National Institute of Health and Welfare defines risk areas each year. Outside the risk areas you can take the vaccine at your own expense or it may be included in your occupational health care. The vaccine is recommended for people who spend plenty of time in nature in the risk areas. Tick-borne encephalitis fever occurs locally in continental Finland.
A major study conducted in Denmark has affirmed that the MMR vaccine does not increase a child’s likelihood of becoming autistic.
There are currently measles epidemics in many European countries where immunization coverage is not sufficiently high. Measles cases have also been observed this winter in Finland; these cases often arrive in Finland as souvenirs from foreign trips.