HPV, or human papilloma virus, causes several cancers.
Papilloma virus, HPV
The papilloma virus (human papilloma virus, HPV) is the most significant cause of cervical cancer. The vaccination is given in the National Vaccination Program to girls aged 10-12 years.
The virus is transmitted through sexual intercourse and oral sex. The HPV vaccination prevents papilloma virus infections and so prevents precursors of cervical, vaginal and vulvar cancer and thus also these cancers. The vaccination is the most effective when given before the person becomes sexually active.
Hepatitis, or liver infection, is the biggest killer after tuberculosis and nine times more prevalent than HIV. Hepatitis A and B are preventable with immunisation.
According to the National Infectious Diseases Register maintained by the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), 16 cases of measles were diagnosed in Finland in 2018.